Agriculture is an economic activity that is being practiced by many countries internationally. Through different agricultural activities both livestock keeping and farming has resulted in the economic growth of many nations globally. Besides, agriculture is the source of livelihood in most household worldwide. However, agricultural keeps on advancing every through various technology system that is the current agriculture will be different from the future. It is anticipated that the future farming will result in increases yield of crop production and reduced adverse effects on the crops. As a result, the next agriculture will focus on crop monitoring, drones, as well as autonomous farming through precision farming. Moreover, increased population worldwide has resulted in precision agriculture. This will enable each nation to be in a position of meeting the needs of the citizens and reduce the cost of exporting food from other countries. Likewise, precision farming employs information technology to ensure that increase in crop yield through protection of the soil as well as the crops.
Firstly, autonomous farming in the future will have a significant impact on agriculture to many nations globally. Self-reliant farming entails the use of automatic machines in agriculture excluding human labor. Consequently, the electronic machines will reduce the cost of farming through human or manual tools. Additionally, the implementation of the automatic machines will save time that would be used by human labor or manual machines to complete a given task within a specific period. For instance, the use of electric tractors that do not need the driver instead they are set to do the activities required and efficiently without any guidance from the farmer. The autonomous machines are synchronized to cultivate, harvest and even to water the ground with the absence of an individual to monitor it or guide it. Besides, technology in the future will set the autonomous tractors through computer programs for the tractor to get into the field to harvest or plow and once the task is done, it gets back. As a result, a farmer can do farming in large scale with little or no human labor thus increasing the crop production.
However, the use of autonomous machines can be challenging in various ways. Firstly, the devices might be unreliable in that it can perform a different task from the intended one which becomes costly for the farmer to start planning for the proposed work. Additionally, autonomous farming is expensive since the machines require fueling that will enable the device to finish all the activities. Similarly, it becomes costly sending the machine to the field where the pathway is not fit for it hence getting a breakdown which requires a lot of money to repair it. Finally, refilling the machines becomes inconvenient because the machines will be on the ground and unfortunately it runs out of fuel while the farmer is far away. Again it becomes expensive using the secondary machine to refill the one on the field for it to complete the given task.
Secondly, future farming will as well focus on the drones also known as the unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) through precision agriculture to improve the farming activities. Employment of drones in farming is believed to increase crop production and d growth monitoring of the crops. The drones by the farmers to survey the fields and the plants with the use of flyover cameras that will help the farmer to recognize the health and unhealthy crops. The farmer can compare the pictures and know the sector in the field that needs attention. Similarly, the drones will monitor the growth of the plants and give the feedback to the farmer to see the progress in the area without being their personally. Likewise, there are probable effects that cannot be identified on the field level that need to be recognized through the used fly over drones and be attended to timely. As a result, the problems are addressed after that increasing the crop production. However, the future implementation of the drones can be challenging. This is as a result of the poor economy on the ground in that the selling of the crop yields is still at a lower price making the employment of the drones to be costly to the farmers.
Furthermore, satellite crop monitoring is an aspect of the future farming in agriculture precision. This involves the use of satellite to manage the farm as well as the crops in the farm without visiting it personally. The spacecraft can tell whether there is climate change for the farmer to know the precaution that is essential. Likewise, the farmer can see the damage caused by climate change to the crops without surveying around the farm or using the drones. Satellites allow the collection of a lot of data for the farmer and getting more solutions to it, and as a result, it increases crop production through the utilization of fewer resources. Moreover, satellites can withstand adverse climate changes like high winds and considerable clouds that can make the farmer not to detect the changes that occur on the crops as compared to other forms of technology utilized by the farmers. Additionally, satellite data allows the farmer to carry full survey on a single setup. For instance, during a windy or rainy season, the farmer can tell which part of the field has the nutritious soil been eroded and use the fertilizers to make the ground fertile again.
Despite the challenges that are involved in precision agriculture such as windy, cloudy and rainy season the advancement of the new technology is overpowering these problems in farming. Precision agriculture is believed to benefit the farmers through reduced cost of agriculture, less human labor and manual machines and finally, the crop production will double. Moreover, through increased crop yield it as well promotes the economy of the nation mainly through importation to another country internationally. The implementation of precision agriculture among the farmers will have very minimal challenges but with significant advantages that will make high production with less input.